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Brill Building

The sound that dominated the pop charts.

Thanks to a loose collective of composers, lyricists, music publishers, and bands, the Brill Building at 1619 Broadway in New York City - as well as nearby 1650 Broadway - gave rise to a sound that would shape popular music of the late 1950s and early to mid-1960s. Comprised of 165 music businesses in its heydey, the Brill Building and its related offices were a place where a song could be conceived, written, recorded, promoted, and published, creating an inextricable link between creativity and commerce. Influenced by Latin music, Traditional black gospel, and rhythm and blues, the Brill Building sound was largely orchestrated by composer teams such as Goffin-King, Mann-Weill, Greenwich-Barry, and Bacharach-David, and survived as an enduring sonic quality that would shape the sound of popular and rock music for decades to come.

Front cover of notated sheet music. Black printed text on light pink background reads Be My Baby, words and music by Phil Spector, Ellie Greenwich, & Jeff Barry. Recorded by the Ronettes on London. 2/6. Belinda (London) Limited. 17, Savile Row, London W.1. Features a black and white image of the group of three Black women performers.Front cover of notated sheet music. Light brown printed text on white background reads It Might As Well Rain Until September, words and music by Gerry Goffin and Carole King. Recorded by Carole King on Dimension. 06048 Aldon Music Inc. Nevins-Kirshner Associates, Inc. $.60. Features a light brown monochromatic image of the singer against a white background.Front cover of notated sheet music. Pink printed text on white background reads Uptown, words and music by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil. Recorded by the Crystals on Philles Records. 05302 Aldon Music Inc. Nevins-Kirshner Associates, Inc. $.60. Features a pink monochromatic image of the group of five Black women performers against a white background.Front cover of notated sheet music. Text reads What a Guy by Ellie Greenwich and Jeff Barry. Recorded by the Raindrops on Jubilee Records. Trinity Music, Inc. 06221. $.60. Text and design in dark pink and white.Front cover of notated sheet music. White printed text on pink background reads You're Telling Our Secrets, words by Hal David, music by Burt F. Bacharach. Recorded by Dee Clark on Vee Jay Records. Famous Music Corporation, 1619 Braodway, New York City, N.Y. Features a pink monochromatic image of the recording artist.

Contact the Library & Archives for information on this and other sheet music in our collection. To open a larger version of each cover, right click on the image and click Open Image in New Tab.

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Rock's Backpages Articles

Free articles are available on Rock's Backpages through the Free on RBP link. The articles below may require you to be on-site at the Library & Archives in order to read them.


Archival Resources

The following archival collections at the Library & Archives are focused on Brill Building personnel.

Jeff Barry Collection
Along with his wife and business partner, Ellie Greenwich, Jeff Barry was one of the most influential pop songwriters of the 1960s. This collection contains three black-and-white photographs featuring Barry with various musicians, including Van Morrison. It also contains a page printed from Ellie Greenwich's Web site, featuring a photograph of Barry and Greenwich, as well as Paul Case, Jerry Leiber, Artie Ripp, Ed Silvers, and Phil Spector at a 1964 BMI dinner.

Beverly Ross Collection
Beverly Ross is an American songwriter known for her work at the Brill Building in 1950s New York. This collection documents Ross' work as a Brill Building songwriter in the 1950s, and in the late 1960s as a staff writer for Kama Sutra Records, and provides insight to the work of popular music composers during that era. The paper materials include her contract with Kama Rippa Music, Inc., copyright registration forms, lead sheets (some annotated), and sheet music. 

Jean Thomas Logs
Jean Thomas is an American singer and songwriter who was part of the Brill Building and girl group scenes found in New York during the 1960s. The logs contain four books that Thomas used from 1963 to 1972 to document her singing career. These Logs list the recording sessions that Thomas participated in and the companies with which she worked. Many of the entries note the songs on which she sang backing vocals, as well as other information, such as if it was a demo recording and the amount of money she earned for the work. 

For more information on the composers, lyricists, and other personnel related to the Brill Building, you can search our Archives Catalog using the following terms:

  • Brill Building
  • Paul Anka
  • Jeff Barry
  • Bobby Darin
  • Howard Greenfield
  • Ellie Greenwich
  • Jerry Goffin
  • Goffin-King
  • Carole King
  • Don Kirshner
  • Barry Mann
  • Mann-Weil
  • Gene Pitney
  • Doc Pomus
  • Beverly Ross
  • Jean Thomas
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